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Crochet 101

Updated: Aug 28

What is crochet?


Crochet is a vintage yarn crafting technique performed by using a special hook and a piece of yarn. It is used to create meaningful and beautiful items that will bring you joy and fulfillment.



What can I make out of crochet?


You can crochet so many projects to be used in your everyday life like wearables, home decor, accessories and even toys.




Where to start?


Yarn



There are countless option when it comes to yarn and hooks but as a beginner you want to get something easy and comfortable to work with like bulky yarns then you can move to medium and lightweight yarns after learning the basics. Also, stay away from fluffy, fuzzy or fancy yarn as a for now these yarns makes it harder for you to see your stitches.




Hook


Match the hook size to the yarn weight you are using. It is very important that you use the right hook size in order for your stitches to be neat and also so it will be easier for you to crochet. In general, the suggested hook size for each yarn is mentioned on the yarn packaging but for a bulky yarn the suggested hook is 5.00 mm to 7.00 mm.




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Basic stitches



1. Slip Knot


Slip knot is usually the first step in most crochet projects (projects that start with chains as a base).



To make a slip knot, wrap the loose end of the yarn around your index and middle fingers (make sure to leave along tail to weave) and then use the crochet hook to grab the loose end and pull up a loop. After that pull the loose end of the yarn to close the knot.



2. Chain


The chain stitch is a very simple and one of the important stitches to learn. You will find chains in every crochet project you come across. Chains used to create the foundation of some projects and also used to start new rows.

Chain symbol in a diagram



To start wrap the working yarn around your index finger and place the slip knot in between your thump and middle finger and press to hold it in place. After that, insert the hook through the loop and pull up a new loop using the working yarn. Keep repeating until you reach the number you want.



3. Single Crochet


The single crochet is a very short stitch that can be used to create projects that need firm shapes like amigurumi and baskets. The height of this stitch is equivalent to one chain.

Single crochet symbol in a diagram



To make a single crochet insert your hook into the second chain from the hook yarn over (yarn over is to wrap the yarn on your hook from the back to front) and pull up a loop. You will have two loops on the hook. Then yarn over and pull up a loop through both loops on the hook. Repeat along all the chain stitches until you reach the last one. To go up and start a new row all you got to do is to chain one and flip your work from the right to left.



4. Double Crochet


The double crochet stitch is taller than the single crochet. It is equivalent to three chains.

Double crochet symbol in a diagram



To make a double crochet yarn over then insert your hook into the fourth chain from the hook, yarn over and pull up a loop. You will have three loops on the hook. Then yarn over and pull up a loop through the first two loops on the hook, you will end up with two loops on the hook. Yarn over and pull up a loop through both loops on the hook. You will end up with only one loop on your hook. Repeat along all the chain stitches until you reach the last one. To go up and start a new row all you got to do is to chain three and flip your work from the right to left.



5. Magic Ring


The magic ring is used to start working in rounds inserted of chains to get rid of gaps in the start of your work.

Magic ring symbol in a diagram



To make a magic ring, wrap the loose end of the yarn around your index and middle fingers (make sure to leave along tail to weave) and then use the crochet hook to grab the working yarn and pull up a loop. Remove the magic ring from your fingers and make the required number of chains to start your work. In our case we are making double crochet, so we will make three chains. After that work your stitch as you would normally do around the magic ring.


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